date: 2017-9-17 18:40:27 title: 计算机专业词汇表 ## 通用 CPU central processing unit OS operating system OLTP, on-line transaction processing, 联机事务处理 OLAP, On-Line Analytical Processing, 联机分析处理 RCU, Read-Copy Update REPL, read evaluate print loop, 交互式解释器环境 ## 计算机网络 OSI Open System Interconnect Reference Model WAN wide area network LAN local area network VLAN virtual local area network WLAN wireless local area network PPP point to point protocol LCP link control protocol NCP network control protocol MRU maximum receive unit PAP password authentication protocol FDDI fiber distribution data interface ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode POS packet over SDH/SONET 网络拓扑 topology 争用方式 contention RIF routing information field 以太网 ethernet MTU maximum transmission unit MSS maximum segment size IP internet protocol ICMP internet control message protocol IGMP internet group management protocol DNS domain name system ARP address resolution protocol RARP reverse address resolution protocol DHCP dynamic host configuration protocol NAT network address translator 跳 hop IHL Internet header length TOS type of service FTP file transfer protocol WWW world wide web HTTP hypertext transfer protocol HTML hypertext markup language SNMP simple network management protocol MIB management information base SNS social network service 网卡 network interface NIC network interface center 中继器 repeater 网桥 bridge 交换集线器 hub 路由器 router 交换机 switcher 网关 gateway 带宽 bandwidth bps bit per second CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check RFC request for comment STD standard FYI for your information ISP Internet Service Provider NOC network operation center IX Internet exchange 骨干网 backbone 末端网 stub